Fall Growing in



Successful Fall Harvest

Discover the Perfect Fall Crop for Delaware's Soil and Climate.


Growing Peas in the Fall:

  • Timing: Plant peas in Delaware as soon as the soil can be worked in early spring (4-6 weeks before the last frost date). You can also plant a second crop in late summer for a fall harvest.
  • Location: Choose a sunny to lightly shaded spot with well-draining soil enriched with compost.
  • Planting: Plant pea seeds 1-2 inches deep and 1-2 inches apart in rows spaced 2-3 feet apart. Provide support like trellises, stakes, or pea fences.
  • Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist during flowering and pod development, but avoid waterlogged conditions.
  • Fertilization: Peas generally don't require heavy fertilization. If needed, apply a balanced fertilizer at planting time.
  • Mulching: Apply a thin layer of mulch around the base of the plants to retain soil moisture and suppress weeds.


Tips for Growing Lettuce in the Fall:

  • Planting Time: Lettuce grows best in cooler temperatures. Plant it in early spring or late summer.
  • Location: Find a spot with partial sunlight, especially during hot summers, as lettuce prefers cooler conditions.
  • Soil Preparation: Ensure well-draining soil rich in organic matter. Incorporate compost for improved soil fertility.
  • Sowing Seeds: Plant lettuce seeds about 1/4 inch deep and space them according to the variety's recommendations.
  • Watering: Maintain consistent soil moisture without waterlogging. Drip irrigation or soaker hoses are good options.
  • Thinning: Thin seedlings as they grow to provide proper spacing and enjoy baby lettuce greens from the thinnings.
  • Fertilization: Use a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer according to the package instructions.


Growing Carrots in the Fall:

  • Soil Preparation: Choose well-draining soil with a pH of 5.5 to 6.8. Remove clumps and stones for smooth root growth.
  • Sowing Time: Plant carrot seeds outdoors as long as the soil can be worked in early spring or late summer for a fall crop.
  • Seed Depth and Spacing: Plant seeds 1/4 inch deep and thin to 2-3 inches apart once they sprout.
  • Watering: Keep soil consistently moist during germination and water deeply but less frequently after that to encourage deep root growth.
  • Mulching: Mulch around carrot plants to retain moisture, regulate soil temperature, and prevent weeds.
  • Fertilization: Carrots usually require light fertilization; apply a balanced fertilizer at planting.


Tips for Growing Kale:

  • Planting Time: Kale is a cool-season crop; plant in early spring or late summer.
  • Location: Choose a spot with full to partial sunlight.
  • Soil Preparation: Kale thrives in well-draining, nutrient-rich soil. Incorporate compost for soil enrichment.
  • Planting Seeds: Sow kale seeds about 1/2 inch deep, starting indoors a few weeks before the last frost or directly outdoors.
  • Spacing: Space seeds or seedlings 12-18 inches apart.
  • Watering: Keep soil consistently moist, particularly during dry spells. Water at the base to prevent leaf wetting.
  • Fertilization: Apply a balanced fertilizer before planting and a nitrogen-rich one a few weeks later. Follow package instructions.
  • Mulching: Apply mulch to retain moisture, regulate soil temperature, and prevent weeds.