Fall Growing in



Successful Fall Harvest

Boost Your Garden's Productivity with These Ideal Fall Crops for South Dakota's Climate!

Greem Beans

How To Grow:

Choose the Right Variety: Opt for bush-type varieties like 'Provider' or 'Bush Blue Lake' that mature quickly and don't require extensive support.

Planting: Wait until after the last frost date to sow seeds directly in well-draining soil. Plant in rows with a spacing of about 2-4 inches between seeds.

Sunlight: Green beans require full sun, so choose a location that receives at least 6-8 hours of direct sunlight daily.

Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Mulching can help retain moisture and keep weeds at bay.

Support (if needed): If you're growing pole beans, set up trellises or stakes for the plants to climb as they grow.

Harvesting: Harvest beans when they are young and tender, usually around 50-60 days after planting. Regular harvesting promotes continuous production.


How To Grow:

Soil Preparation: Choose loose, well-draining soil with minimal rocks to encourage straight root growth.

Sowing: Directly sow carrot seeds in early spring, as soon as the soil can be worked. Plant seeds about 1/4 inch deep and thin the seedlings to ensure proper spacing.

Sunlight: Carrots prefer full sun but can tolerate partial shade.

Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist during germination. Once established, water deeply but infrequently to encourage deep root growth and prevent splitting.

Thinning: Thin the carrot seedlings to ensure they're about 2-3 inches apart to allow for proper root development.

Mulching: Apply a layer of mulch to conserve moisture, regulate soil temperature, and prevent weed growth.

Harvesting: Carrots are usually ready for harvest in about 60-80 days. Gently loosen the soil around the base of the greens and pull the carrots. Choose a variety that suits your desired size and flavor.


How To Grow:

Variety Selection: Choose disease-resistant cucumber varieties suitable for your area, such as 'Marketmore' or 'Diva.'

Planting: Sow cucumber seeds directly into warm soil after the last frost. You can also start seeds indoors and transplant after all danger of frost has passed.

Spacing: Plant seeds or seedlings in hills or rows, spacing them about 12 inches apart.

Sunlight: Cucumbers need full sun for optimal growth and fruit production.

Support: Some cucumber varieties can be grown vertically using trellises or cages to save space and encourage straighter fruits.

Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist, especially during flowering and fruiting. Avoid overhead watering to prevent foliar diseases.

Harvesting: Harvest cucumbers when they're still young and firm, usually around 50-70 days after planting. Regular picking encourages more fruit production.


How To Grow:

Soil Preparation: Choose well-draining soil that's been amended with compost. Avoid compacted or rocky soil.

Sowing: Directly sow beet seeds in early spring or late summer, about 1/2 inch deep and 1 inch apart. Thin seedlings to about 3-4 inches apart.

Sunlight: Beets thrive in full sun but can tolerate light shade.

Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist to ensure even growth and prevent woody roots.

Thinning: Thin the seedlings to ensure they have enough space to develop into healthy-sized roots.

Mulching: Apply mulch to maintain soil moisture, regulate temperature, and prevent weed growth.

Harvesting: Beets can be harvested when they're about the size of a golf ball to a tennis ball, usually around 55-70 days after planting.